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CHILDREN IN NEPAL

A Child's Life Foundation, together with our partner, SDC, have chosen to work with child laborers, because their situation is one of the worst in the world.
Nepal has 2.6 million child laborers according to one estimate
by the International Labor Organization (ILO).
Most of these children are working as household workers. Many are employed in brick kilns, transport, mines, factories and other extremely risky businesses. Often they are paid much less than adult workers, though their work is more difficult.
Other children are enslaved as kamaiyas and other traditional forms of slavery. These laws have never been implemented, though the government of Nepal has banned child labor and reportedly ensures child rights. 52% of Nepalis are under 18, and 44% are under the age of 16.

15% of Nepali children never attend school, and 75% of school-going children drop out before completing their primary education. Most of these children end up as child laborers. They come from remote parts of the country and from the dalit or the underprivileged castes.

These children lose the opportunity of getting an education. Consequently, as adults they do similar kinds of work. These people end up having no say in their government or the policies concerning their lives.

Kamaiyas are people who are bonded laborers. This is a traditional form of slavery still existing in Nepali society. If a person is unable to pay his loans to a creditor, then he has to work in the creditor's field to pay off the loans. And if he is not able to do so in his life, then his children will be forced to work in the same fields to pay off an old age loan. In this way, many children are slaves right from their birth. This system still exists in many remote places in Nepal.

Dalit: The dalit children are untouchable children. Nepali society classifies people according to caste or birth. People from higher caste do not mix with the people of lower castes.
The dalits are the people from the bottom caste who are not even touched by the higher caste people, so they are called untouchable or dalit.

Child Labor Facts:

  1. 32,000 children are involved in stone quarries.
  2. 72,000 are working in restaurant/teashops.
  3. 46,000 are serving as child porters.
  4. 30,000-60,000 are employed in brick kilns.
  5. 55,655 are domestic servants.
  6. 4,227 child-laborers work in industry.
  7. 4,000 are street child-laborers (street children).
  8. 12,000 children per year are involved in trafficking and illegal business.

A Child's Life Foundation cooperates with SDC to gradually improve the situation of these child laborers. The long term goal of SDC is to empower child laborers through education and bring them into mainstream society.

 

Smile Nepal project concentrates its efforts on the children in the brick kilns. The project plans to provide the children with a formal school education as per the curriculum of the Government of Nepal.
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The purpose is to have the children document their lives as child laborers in the brick yards.
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A Child's Life-Nepal is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization.
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